While incarceration curtails many constitutional rights, freedom of religion is not one of them, although religious programs in prison can be limited.
Generally speaking, prisoners confined within the Federal Bureau of Prisons can engage in individual and group worship activities for their chosen faith. Personal worship is permitted in a prisoner’s cell, while group worship is limited to the Chapel.
Most major religions have a weekly service and a weekly study period. Common practice is for each major religion to be provided three total hours of scheduled Chapel time each week.
Along with study and service periods, practitioners are also allowed one religious meal each year and days of work prescription for verified days of worship. Special accommodations are made for Muslim and Jewish prisoners requiring special worship times (e.g., Ramadan) and eating arrangements (e.g., in a tabernacle). Religious diets are also available for those interested.
While prison can leave much to be desired regarding religious worship, the Federal Bureau of Prisons has relatively robust religious offerings for interested inmates, especially compared to many state prison systems.
The Chapel not only houses a religious library and televisions for religious movie viewing, but it is also staffed by several chaplains, all of whom must have a Master’s degree in a religious discipline. Larger groups (e.g., Christian and Muslim) have chaplains and outside religious volunteers who sometimes lead services. For the religions with fewer followers, along with the study periods for the religions with more followers, the prisoner who knows the most and has been around for the longest typically conducts the services.
While Christian and Muslim services tend to be the best-attended, Wiccan, Jewish, Buddhist, Nation of Islam, Rastafarian, Catholic, Jehovah’s Witness, Santeria, Hindu, and Druid services, amongst others, are also provided worship and study time.
If you are interested in signing up for religious services, all you need to do is go to the Chapel when you see the door open and look for a poster that shows the various study and worship times. You can attend unless you have a work assignment that has you working during the worship or study periods. If, on the other hand, you are assigned to a job during those times, you can ask to be placed on call-out so you can attend.
You don’t have to declare a religion in prison, but if you choose to, you can participate in the annual religious meal for your faith group. All services are open to everyone, so you can attend however many you would like.
Chapel libraries tend to be well-funded and, as such, have a wide variety of offerings. While you don’t need to sign up to check out a book, you do need to sign up to watch a religious movie. This is usually done by speaking with the head inmate clerk over the Chapel.
You are allowed to keep a Bible, Koran, or other religious text in your cell. While the Chapel might have extra copies of such sacred texts to retain or check out, your family and friends can order such books for you.
You can also have a religious necklace, ring, or headgear, which must be authorized through the Chapel. Most Federal Bureau of Prisons’ chapels permits inmates to order religious items through the Special Purchase Order (SPO) protocol. If you are interested, speak with one of the Chapel clerks to see a listing of authorized items and the ordering protocol.
If your religion calls for a day of rest or silence, you can participate as long as the chaplain is advised in advance, and it is a well-founded requirement of the religion. In this instance, the chaplain should place you on call-out for a holy day, which will excuse you from work and other obligations.
Contact us for more information about practicing religion within prisons.
How to Prepare for Prison
First Day in Federal Prison
- First Day in Federal Prison
- Admissions and Orientation
- How to Greet Cellmates
- How to Talk to Prison Guards
- What Do You Eat in Prison
- Prison Showers and Toilets
- Laundry, Clothing, and Bedding
- Prison Commissary
- Religion in Prison
- Searches and Shakedowns for Contraband
- Inmate Counts
- Smoking in Prison
- Inmate Work Assignments
- Education in Prison
- Recreation in Prison
- Radios and MP3 Players in Prison
- Electronic Law Library
- The Black Market in Prison
- Alcohol and Drugs in Prison
- Violence and Sexual Assault in Prison
Communicating with the Outside World
- Communicating with the Outside World
- Postal Mail
- Legal Correspondence
- Inmate Telephones
- Corrlinks.com Inmate Email
- Inmate Visitation
- How to Send Money to Inmates
Health and Wellness
Special Prison Survival Tactics
- Special Prison Survival Tactics
- LGBT Inmates Survival Tactics
- Female Prisoners
- Sex Offender Survival Tactics
For more information about prison life and how to prepare for prison, please email [email protected] or call 843-620-1100. Our team of experienced prison consultants stands ready to assist you in your time of need.
Published Apr 7, 2016 by Christopher Zoukis, JD, MBA | Last Updated by Christopher Zoukis, JD, MBA on Mar 29, 2023 at 12:23 pm